Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

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SUS 100

The Domestic Pig: Selective Breeding and Prevailing Tastes, Morphological and Genetic Variation over 100 Generations

Over the past one hundred years, livestock breeding has become increasingly oriented towards the development of animal breeds which produce meat products at large industrial scales to suit modern human taste preferences. We ask whether this human-directed selection pressure upon German domestic pig breeds (Deutsches Edelschwein and Deutsches Landschwein) is detectable through the last century in both the bones and aDNA in comparison to wild boar populations. This dataset will allow us to evaluate the speed of phenotypic and genetic variation and inform our understanding of speciation and the effects of human pressure upon domestic animals. This project is based upon the historic collections from the Museum für Haustierkunde "Julius Kühn", one of the largest and most unique collections of domestic animal bones. This collection originates from one of the first livestock science centers in Germany and was a key location for the development of early modern German domestic pig breeds.

Sus  100 is based at the Central Natural Science  Collections at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg and includes  researchers from the   Leibniz  Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf   , and the Leibniz  Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Research    Berlin at the Berlin Museum of Natural History, and is funded by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF, Förderkennzeichen 01UQ1702A) under the "Network - Open up -  Explore. Alliance for University Collections”.  

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